ilmenite smelting furnace
ilmenite smelting furnace

Cristal updates on Jazan smelting plant progress

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Cristal today gave an update on its plans for a 500,000 metric ton ilmenite smelting plant at Jazan Economic City in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...

Prereduction and DC open

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Smelting of prereduced ilmenite appeared technically feasible and efficient the furnace operation during the smelting process was stable with no visible sign of ing On average, furnace electricity consumption was measured at 06 MWh per ton of...

Developments in Furnace Technology Forferro

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The trend toward high-power high-productivity electric furnaces for nickel laterite smelting has continued to advance Figure 1 shows the progressive increase in furnace operating power levels over the years...

Interactions between freeze lining and slag bath in ,

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A mathematical model of the entire ilmenite-smelting furnace process was constructed This model incorporated the two models mentioned above and was able to describe the metal bath, slag bath, furnace atmosphere, freeze lining, furnace sidewall and the crust that is ,...

Sulfation Leaching Treatment ilmenite Concentrate Titanium ,

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The sources of the S in the iron product were the ilmenite, which contained 07 wt pct S, and the carbon hearth lining, which contained 055 wt pct S Oxidation of the ilmenite before smelting could help decrease the S level in the iron to an acceptable level...

Ilmenite Smelted by Oxygen

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Total ilmenite from Yunnan, China, difficult to smelt in blast furnace, was smelted by oxygen-enriched top-blown smelting reduction ironmaking technology...

ELECTRO SMELTING OF ILMENITE FOR PRODUCTION OF TiO ,

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Ilmenite smelting is a carbothermic process to upgrade the mineral ilmenite, yielding TiO2-rich slag which is mainly used as a feed stock for TiO 2 pigment production as primary pr ,...

Industrial Minerals

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Cristal s Ilmenite Smelter Project, in Jazan, Saudi Arabia, has experienced a technical issue, parent company Saudi Arabian National Industrialization Co Tasnee said this week The issue arose during an attempted start-up of one of the furnaces, causing the furnace to be shut down on Sunday October 29...

Smelting of magnetite and magnetite

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Smelting of magnetite and magnetite-ilmenite iron ores in the northern Lowveld, South Africa, ca 1000 CE to ca 1880 CE David Killick, Duncan Miller , iron ore was carried substantial distances to smelting sit Modern blast furnaces cannot use iron ores containing more than 2 TiO 2, ....

Smelter Smelting Iron

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Synopsis This report details an investigation made into the Ilmenite Smelting Process The aim of this practical was the preparation and operation the 60 kW DC plasma-Arc Furnace and to obtain better understanding of the chemistry and thermodynamics of the ilmenite smelting process...

Tasnee declares delay of operation in titanium ilmenite ,

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Tasnee announced that during the start-up of furnace 1 of the plant at the ilmenite smelter project to produce high-grade titanium feedstock, a technical issue was encountered...

New Refractory Lining Direction at Jindal Stainless ,

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smelting a mix of chromite, reductant and fluxes at temperatures in excess of 2000 176 C Electrical energy, required for the chemical reactions to occur, is supplied to the submerged arc furnaces through Söderberg electrod...

TiZir Titanium and Iron TiZir Limited

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The smelting process at TTI involves the reduction of the iron oxides from the ilmenite with everything else reporting to the slag The separation of the iron lifts the titanium dioxide content from approximately 54 in the ilmenite to approximately 87 in the slag...

Influence of various Reductants on the Ilmenite Smelting ,

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- 1 - Influence of various Reductants on the Ilmenite Smelting technology Pieter Andries Strydom Research report submitted to the Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment....

Titania slag smelting and calcination of crude zinc

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Titania slag smelting and calcination of crude zinc oxide examples of processing under thermodynamic , smelting ilmenite smelting can only eliminate iron oxide , The ilmenite is fed into an electrical furnace with a high-purity carbonaceous reductant Partial...

PDF Ilmenite smelting at Ticor SA

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Ilmenite Smelting at Ticor SA , Up to the e a rly 199 0 s, existing ilmenite-smelting furnaces we r e six-in-line, rectangular, AC furnace configurations N a makwa San d s w a s the first to ....

Pig Iron International Iron Metallics Association

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Pig iron is the product of smelting iron ore also ilmenite with a high-carbon fuel and reductant such as coke, usually with limestone as a flux Charcoal and anthracite are also used as fuel and reductant Pig iron is produced by smelting or iron ore in blast furnaces or by smelting ilmenite in electric furnac...

Refractory Metallurgical Solutions

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Ilmenite Smelting RMS has developed refractories for ilemenite smelting operations, ranging from basic smelting furnace refractories, taphole blocks, launder and ladle refractori These products are both shaped and unshaped products made from the highest ,...

Ilmenite smelting the basics T

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ilmenite smelting process Ilmenite has the nominal composition FeOTiO2 South African beach-sand ilmenites are close to this nominal composition, with the main impurities being , furnace AC or DC to provide the required energy input The two basic reactions in ilmenite smelting are the following...

Outotec works together with its customer to solve issues ,

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Oct 30, 2018 0183 32 Outotec has now agreed with its customer, National Titanium Dioxide Company Cristal , to work together to examine and identify the root causes of the problems in the ilmenite smelter ,...

Preparation of High

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Preparation of High-Grade Titania Slag from Ilmenite-Bearing High Ca and Mg by Vacuum Smelting Method KAI ZHANG, XUEWEI LV, RUN HUANG, BING SONG, and FEI XI...

Extractive Metallurgy Division

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THE smelting of ilmenite to produce a slag rich in titanium, with pig-iron as a byproduct, introduces new concepts in electric smelting metallurgy Titanium slags are characterized by low electrical resistance, thereby requiring a different type of electric furnace operation, and power supply sources substantially different from those ....

DC Submerged Arc Furnace SAF

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Upstream of the furnace, the ilmenite and anthracite are dried in fluid bed driers fuelled by furnace gas The feed of ilmenite and anthracite to the furnace is independently and continuously controlled by accurate feed control systems...

Modelling of an ilmenite

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Modelling of an ilmenite-smelting DC arc furnace process Modelling of an ilmenite-smelting DC arc furnace process Zietsman, Johan H Pistorius, P Chris 2006-03-01 00 00 00 Ilmenite smelters must be operated with the slag bath contained in a freeze lining of solidified slag to prevent refractory damage and ensure feasible furnace life...

EVALUATION OF THE REACTIVITY OF ANTHRACITES IN ,

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IN RESPECT TO ITS CHEMICAL AND PETROGRAPHIC CHARACTERISITICS IN AN ILMENITE SMELTING OPERATION , Figure 2 Schematic of smelting mechanism of ilmenite in a DC arc furnace Pistorius, 2008 , Anthracites are utilised in the reduction of ilmenite in most South African ilmenite processing plants The smelting mechanism reported by Pistorius ....

Methods of extending a blast

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As before, the main trends in blast-furnace smelting in the Twenty-First Century are decreasing coke consumption, increasing furnace productivity, and lengthening of the furnace campaign In the last few decades, the focus has increasingly been on extending the campaign through various technical ....

Anthracite Market Survey

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with ilmenite smelting it is the slag which is the most valuable portion of the production so for this reason the anthracite s ash content has to be as low as possible, ie less...

Mining tech firm Outotec warns on project problems, shares ,

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Outotec which builds plants and equipment and provides services for the metal and mineral processing industries, said that it had faced problems in starting up a furnace at an ilmenite smelter ....

PDF Ilmenite smelting The basics

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While some of the practical details of ilmenite smelting are not well documented, there is a substantial body of literature on the principles of ilmenite smelting, and the behaviour of solidified ....

LINING TO ILMENITE SMELTING

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This paper revolves around the results obtained from conducting an ilmenite smelting campaign on a 500kW DC open-arc furnace with a UCAR designed refractory system The purpose of this test was to es-tablish the effects such a lining has on refractory wear and the reduction-smelting process...